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An AZO health glossary

From A to Z(O), learn the language of your body.

An AZO health glossary

The material provided below is for informational purposes only. It is not intended to replace the diagnosis or treatment by a qualified healthcare professional. You should always seek medical advice before consuming any new medicines or supplements. AZO products referenced on this website are not intended to treat, cure, or prevent any disease such as overactive bladder, urinary tract infections, or vaginal infections.

The first step in good health is understanding your body—what it wants, how to feel your best, and how to make the right choices  when you’re not feeling so hot. Become skilled with our breakdown of terminology.

Antibacterial Protection – An agent that prevents the growth and reproduction of bacteria. 

Bladder Leakage (Occasional) – An unintentional loss of urine as a result of pressure on the bladder from physical (or normal) activities like coughing, sneezing, jumping or running.

Cranberry – Small, red berries renowned for their antioxidant and anti-adhesion health benefits and commonly used to maintain a healthy urinary tract.

Candida albicans – A fungus, or type of yeast, naturally present in the vagina that can cause vaginal infections when in overabundance. Also referred to as vaginal candidiasis, monilial vaginitis, and vaginal thrush. 

Escherichia coli (E. coli) – A type of bacteria that lives inside the intestines and is responsible for 90% of urinary tract infections (UTIs).

Lactobacillus – The genus of beneficial bacteria most commonly found in the vagina.

Leukocytes – The technical term for “white blood cells.” If present in the urine, can be an indicator of a urinary tract infection (UTI).

Loss of Bladder Control (Occasional) Issues impacting the bladder at times, including bladder leakage, frequency of urination, and urgency.

Menopause – Reproductive shift marked by cessation of menstruation and reduced estrogen levels.

Menstruation – A regular cycle where the lining of the uterus thickens in preparation for pregnancy; if a pregnancy does not occur, lining is shed.

Nitrates – A form of nitrogen that when present in the urine could be an indicator of a urinary tract infection (UTI).

Overactive Bladder (OAB) – A condition that can only be diagnosed and treated by your doctor when experiencing extreme loss of bladder control.

Probiotics – Live bacteria strains that encourage the colonization and growth of “good” bacteria within the body. Though most commonly associated with gut health, clinical studies link probiotics to health benefits well beyond the gut—from supporting vaginal health, maintaining healthy blood pressure, even helping support healthy skin.1

Probiotics for Vaginal Health – Supplement that encourages the colonization of good bacteria within the vagina and helps maintain a healthy vaginal pH.*

Urinary Incontinence – A regular pattern of uncontrolled leakage of urine only diagnosed and treated by a doctor or medical professional. Though it affects both men and women, it is twice as common in women and can cause high levels of distress that impact quality of life.

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) – An infection anywhere in the urinary tract, such as the kidneys, bladder and urethra, typically caused when bacteria, often E. coli, enters the urethra.

Urinary Urgency (occasional)  The sudden and immediate need to go to the bathroom. Can be a symptom of a UTI, but when experienced occasionally outside of a UTI can indicate a separate bladder control issue.

Vaginal Infections – Also known as vaginitis, various conditions that are diagnosed and treated by your doctor that can cause an infection of the vagina often accompanied by itching, burning, occasional odor and discharge.

Vaginal Microbiome – The community of bacteria hosted inside a vagina that serves as a protective barrier against vaginal infections and important to a woman’s health.

Vaginal pH – The scale indicating the alkalinity or acidity of the vagina. In good health, the vagina is acidic 3.8 – 4.5 providing a natural defense against infection and irritation. Above a level of 4.5, the vagina is susceptible to non-beneficial or unfriendly bacteria that can introduce other vaginal issues.

Vaginal Probiotic – See probiotics for vaginal health.

Vulvovaginal Candidiasis – See yeast infection.

Weight Management – Strategies to maintain a healthy weight through a healthy diet and active lifestyle.

Yeast Infection – Also known as, vaginal infection that occurs when there is an overabundance of vaginal yeast. Symptoms include vaginal discharge, itching, irritation, and pain during urination and intercourse. Over the counter medicines are available to treat vaginal yeast infection symptoms. It is recommended that you seek your doctor for diagnosis of an infection and to discuss treatment options.

1 https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/8-health-benefits-of-probiotics


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